Bioplastic Products

Bioplastics are made from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats
and oil. Bioplastics can be made from agricultural offshoots and also from
previously used plastic bottles and other containers that use micro organisms.

The most common plastics, such as fossil-fuel plastics, are derived from
petroleum or natural gasses.

Some but not all bioplastics are designed to biodegrade. Biodegradable
bioplastics can break down in their environments, depending on how they are
manufactured. Bioplastics can be composed of starches, cellulose, biopolymers, and a selection of other materials.

At one time bioplastics were too expensive for consideration as a replacement for petroleum-based plastics.

However, the lower the temperature needed to process bioplastics the more
stable supply of biomass combined with the increasing cost of crude oil making bioplastics more pricy and competitive with regular plastics.

Bioplastics are used for disposable items such as packaging, crockery, cutlery,
pots, bowls, and straws. They are also often used for the production of bags,
trays, fruit and vegetable containers, egg cartons, meat packaging, vegetables,
bottling for soft drinks, dairy products.

These plastics are also used in non-disposable uses including mobile phone
casings, carpet fibres, insulation, car interiors, fuel lines, and plastic piping.

Future packaging

Packaging must change. Not a should, could or a maybe. It must.

220 million tonnes of non-biodegradable plastic is produced each year. During that time over one million sea birds and more than 100,000 marine mammals die from exposure to plastic.

Bags, bottles, tin cans and synthetics are designed to can make our lives easier. They are durable and withstand extreme temperatures. However, with the high technology invested in these materials they will not break down naturally. So when we place them in a garbage tip the air moisture, soil and
climate cannot break them down into the surrounding land naturally.

Although it’s not just the wildlife and ocean biomes that are being affected. A process called outgassing occurs when plastic is exposed to heat and it pollutes the air by emitting gases and toxic pollutants into the atmosphere and water supplies. One toxic pollutants is “Bisphenol A”, which is found in water bottles, food containers and hard plastics. A 2007 study by the Environmental Working Group showed that low doses of “Bisphenol A” can cause insulin resistance to humans and interfere with contraception. This toxic has be often found in water supplies, caused by it leaching into human
water resources.

So what might packaging look like in the future? A government strategy has recently been introduced called “Making the most of Packaging”, aimed to minimalize the environmental impact of packaging, but still allowing for the function of protecting the product. Part of this government strategy involves the UK government working with varying delivery bodies and industries to enable packaging to be designed in 10 years’ time, by using the smallest amount of materials where possible. The government states they are pushing re-usability, recyclability or recovery to be considered as standard when
designing packaging. The packaging industry will be facing rising pressures from the manufactures, governments and supply chain companies, to reduce costs, cut wastes, prevent damage and reduce
energy use.

However there are conflicting signals being provided by retailers and especially consumers, by holding back development with a lingering perception that packaging denotes quality. Therefore, consumers have to change this mind-set as this will encourage manufactures to join schemes like the governments “Making the most of Packaging” to end non-biodegradable packaging for good.

Biodegradable products

  • Biodegradable products are products that can be broken down and
    decomposed by microbes and other natural processes. They consist of
    food waste, paper, wood and fabric. In the absence of moisture and air,
    decomposition slows and methane, a greenhouse gas, is released.
  • The term is often used in relation to waste management, ecology, and
    the bioremediation of the natural environment. It is now commonly
    associated with environmentally-friendly products, capable of
    decomposing back into natural elements.
  • Although often conflated, biodegradable is distinct in meaning from:
    compostable. While biodegradable simply means can be consumed by
    microorganisms, compostable makes the further specific demand that
    the object break down under composting conditions.
  • Organic material can be degraded aerobically (with oxygen) or
    anaerobically (without oxygen). Decomposition of biodegradable
    substances may include both biological and abiotic steps.

  • Landfills
    Although much of what ends up in landfills is biodegradable, it won't break
    down if it is not exposed to air and moisture due to the fact microbes need a
    warm and moist environment to thrive. This prevents the microorganisms from
    decomposing the garbage quickly, unlike what happens when biodegradable
    materials are composted.

Biodegradable Packaging


Importance of Biodegradable Packaging Materials To The Environment

The concept about climate change has been a popular topic for discussion across the globe. Now, it seems as if virtually everyone has basic knowledge about the harmful effects of environmental breakdown.

More and more people are shifting attention to eco-friendly means so as to get their work done without tampering with Mother Nature. Nonetheless, your efforts would yield no meaningful results if you don’t know the right step to take.

Now more than ever, people are turning to biodegradable packaging materials because of its immense benefits it brings to the environment. Below are some of the benefits of using biodegradable packaging material.

Breaks down faster

Biodegradable packaging products breaks downs much faster when compared to other solid materials. Since it decomposes a lot faster than other alternatives, it allows for a more sustainable environment.

Cost effective

Another benefit of biodegradable product is its cost-effectiveness. Disposing waste even after recycling is a total loss moneywise. Due to the organic nature of biodegradable products, it leaves no waste behind. This way, you save money required to dispose the remnants.


Biodegradable packaging is usually manufactured from Bioplastics which has no harmful effect on the environment. Essentially, bioplastics are a form of plastic derived from sources such as soy bean oil, corn starch and hemp oil. Moreover, this organic compound is completely

Other amazing benefits of biodegradable packaging include the following: energy efficient, nontoxic, and reduces environmental pollution.

What’s more, bioplastics is mostly popular in packaging. Furthermore, biodegradable packaging is commonly used in shopping bags, containers for dairy products and fruit, trays, soft drink bottles, meat packaging and much more.

Biodegradable packaging materials are proven and tested to be helpful to not only the environment, but also the human race. Hence, it is expedient to have a perfect understanding about biodegradable packaging material.


Next Steps...

sustainable packaging



The quest for sustainable packaging has been the buzzword over the last decade. This is largely driven by public perception, retailers’ requirements, economic policies and government legislation.

Sustainability is more than just the mode of production, it affects the choice of raw material to the end of life of the packaging. The debate into sustainable package has revealed few things; top of which is the absence of a total sustainable package. Here are the top three tips that should guide you implementing sustainable packaging;

  1. Life-cycle Approach to Packaging

Package designers should utilize the availability of numerous Life Cycle Assessment tools. It should be used in understanding the effects of each packaging option chosen. Pick one of this growing number of sustainable metrics tools and stick with it. Be consistent in the use and focus on the core environmental goals of your company.

  1. Assess Component Parts Individually

You should constantly find answers to questions about the possibility of using fewer materials in the packaging without compromising product integrity and quality. There are already different technology that supportsuse of lesser materials. Try and be innovative with materials for caps, labels, and containers, ensure you are improving on your package to product ratio.

  1. Seek Opportunities to Make Packaging Reusable.

Reusability of packaging materials is one route that guarantees sustainable packaging. In 2010, KFC introduced reusable containers. PUMA also adopted this method by reducing the use of paper by 65%. These two examples are examples of product usability that is encouraged in the industry.




Bioplastics have emerged as an essential stratum of the bioeconomy with a value of 2 trillion Euros in annual turnover and provides close to 22 million jobs in Europe alone. In the United States, the industry is worth close to $680 million with an expected increase in coming years.

Bioplastics are products of agricultural by-products derived from renewable biomass sources e.g. vegetable fats and oil, microbiotal or corn starch. When biodegraded, many bioplastics also release carbon dioxide or monoxide though with less environmental hazard to that of conventional plastics.

The development of bioplastic is nonetheless to serve as alternative for conventional plastics whose problems include inability to decompose easily, contribution to pollution and landfill, expensive to produce, presence of toxic chemical (such as BPA) as well as large carbon deposit both in production and recycling.The ability of bioplastics to replace and prevent the side effects associated with conventional plastics however suggests that bioplastics is easily decomposed within a short period of time; it is less polluting, cheap to produce and maintain, free of toxic chemicals like BPA and as well with lower carbon deposits either during production or recycling.

No one could really predict the future of bioplastics, but on a large scale as being carried out by Coca-Cola, bioplastics should lead to efficiency. In reality, bioplastics are not 100% eco-friendly, its production requires increased energy which in turn leads to environmental pollution. In summary, bioplastics can bring about sustainability but is not a cure for plastic problem facing planet Earth.